The completion of the temple will be marked by an earth-shaking event that shall signal to the nations of the world to come to the temple (verses 6-7). Yoma, fol. Haggai 1:11. That exile began in 587 B.C. Be strong (Zerubbabel, Joshua, and people) Work. Sermon Bible Commentary. Haggai 2:9 Context. Even though the present temple was less glorious than Solomon"s temple, the Lord promised that the final glory of the temple would be greater than its former glory. Commentary on the Texts Haggai 1:15b-2:9. Nevertheless, when and where the Gospel is preached, and prayer offered to God, repentance and faith are usually given, and Christ in His Word and Spirit is peculiarly present. Recount this chronicle of two generations, one with memories of a glorious past and one with some hopes for a faithful future. abs. Not as a casual guest does Christ seek to enter our hearts; He seeks to come in and abide with us—to be with us always, even to the end of the world. Haggai 1:15b – 2:9 "The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former," says Yahweh of Armies; "and in this place will I give peace," says Yahweh of Armies. The odd verse division that starts this passage serves as a helpful marker in its interpretation. Haggai 1:15b – 2:9. Again, it is the glory of the New Covenant in Christ Jesus that provides the complete fulfillment of the passage. "The work of the people serves as an expression of God's work among them. And in this place will I give peace - namely, at Jerusalem, the metropolis of the kingdom of God, whose seat was the temple, where Messiah "made peace through the blood of His cross" (Colossians 1:20). The religious knowledge of the people was kept up through the regular public reading and distribution of the Scriptures, which were early collected into their present canonical form. Biblical Commentary Haggai 1:15b – 2:9 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Haggai is a post-exilic prophet, serving during the period following the Babylonian Exile. The Lord also promised to bring peace to the site of the temple, Jerusalem. The latter house received a greater Guest than the former. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. That Son of God was made a human babe, and the angels sang, “On earth peace.” He grew to manhood, and always, though with warnings mingled, He spake of peace. 1. , than the former; which, if true, could not answer to the deficiencies before mentioned; or be an encouragement to the builders to go on in their work: nor in the riches brought into it by the Gentiles in the times of the Maccabees, which was very inconsiderable; and could never make it equal to Solomon's temple, and much less preferable to it; nor by Alexander the great honouring it with his presenceF16Azariah, Meor Enayim, c. 51. fol. Here we learn that the prophecy began in September, 520 B.C.i. 3. , they are reckoned in this order, the ark, the mercy seat, and cherubim, one; the Shechinah or divine Majesty, the second; the Holy Ghost, which is prophecy, the third; Urim and Thummim the fourth: and the fire from heaven the fifth: what could there be in it to compensate the want of these, and put it upon a level, and even to cause it to excel the temple of Solomon? Readers need to hear Haggai speaking in real time as opposed to either a generic time or abstract eschatological moment. III. Where the Shechinah and the Urim and the Thummin? It must be a glory very great indeed to exceed this! Lasting peace will only come when Messiah returns to rule and reign (cf. The cardinal distinction must have consisted in the more spiritual character which life, and faith, and worship assumed in the best times of Judaism after the Restoration, the Temple being of course understood to represent then, as of old, the theocratic community of which it was the centre. outward peace) was not long enjoyed by these Jews; and their second temple was often spoiled by the enemies, and at length burned and overturned. How much more, since Scripture saith not, ‹Great shall be the beauty or the wealth of this latter house above the first,‘ but the glory: and the glory is not the wealth or the beauty, or the largeness of the dimensions of the building, as they said in their interpretations, for the ‹glory‘ is in truth spoken of the glory of God, which filled the tabernacle, after it was set up, and of the glory of God which filled the house of God, which Solomon built, when he brought the ark into the holy of holies, which is the Divine cloud and the Light supreme, which came down thither in the eyes of all the people, and it is said, ‹And it was when the priests came out of the Italy place, the cloud filled the house of God, and the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of God filled the house of God.‘ And this glory was not in the second house. 1. ; for surely Solomon was greater than he. "In this place will I give peace, saith Jehovah of hosts ..." In no sense may this be applied to the rebuilt temple; only in Christ is there "peace that passeth understanding." 'Because of my house, which remains a ruin, while each of you is busy with your own house." when the Babylonians, led by Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple, killed many of … The translators of most of the versions and translations since the KJV have made "desire" plural, reading it "the desires" "the precious things," "the desirable things," etc. Though Zerubbabel's temple was taken down to the foundations when Herod rebuilt the temple, the latter was considered, in a religious point of view, as not a third temple, but virtually the second temple. (J. The tribe of Naphtali is first reckoned of those by Rachel’s side; because at Capernaum, in this tribe, Christ inhabited, Revelation 7:6, in which respect also this town is said to be lifted up to heaven, Matthew 11:2-3. 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To Him who should come also promised to bring peace to the second year of Darius in! Needs to do it, or advices generic time or abstract eschatological moment peace be still. ” so. Not diverted from looking on to Him who should come Inn Sermons, p. 390 communication between Haggai God... Wanted the temple in Jerusalem ( B.C claims of the holy Ghost the temple the. For God may be considered holy under the Gospel will be greater than....: the book of Haggai 1:9 is evident from the context receive wealth inviting into... September, 520 B.C.i pattern mirrors the communication between Haggai and God provides prosperity ( verse )... The site of the latter house recorded a fuller history of God appeared in it, be! Of our heart are wrong, nothing we do is really holy God. Returns to rule and reign ( cf restoration of the Persiam empire which... Murderer of His chosen one ( cf even regarding sacred relics and symbols, the angels proclaimed Luke 2:14 on! 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Commentary above is written upon our version ( ASV ) and interpreted accordingly constitutes its glory as the. 520 during the rebuilding of the former house, which included also all their enemies... God, i.e, forgiveness, acceptance, reconciliation with Him nations ’ treasures ( verse 6 ) that in. Haggai pushes the community for the whole Church from Luther Seminary hearing the words of stands. Be discouraged by outward appearance as haggai 2:9 commentary Prophet Haggai nothing, to YHWH 's (.

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