The elephants are now engaged mainly for Eco-tourism, patrolling for anti poaching operations, to control Man-Elephant conflict outside the sanctuary and as a conservation and training center for elephants which can be visited by public. The prominent features of Indian Peninsular Plateau: Choose the correct answer from the below-given options. How to minimize one’s mistakes and maximize score Deccan Trap is a part of the peninsular plateau. 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016), xaam.in, 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016) It is believed that 12-14 Asian king vultures live in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), which borders Sigur plateau and … [20], Elevation in the plateau ranges from 280 metres (919 ft) at the Bhavani Sagar Reservoir and increases in the west to 1,880 metres (6,168 ft) at Konabetta Peak (Sigur Peak). Your email address will not be published. The captive elephants in the sanctuary are no longer used for timber extraction work. Along the river and stream courses, there are dense shola, or dwarf moist deciduous forest in both the west and east parts of the plateau. [28], There are several major threats to the Sigur area caused mostly by expanding human population. There is a considerable gene flow between the nearly 2,000 elephants in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and the 1,800 in the Eastern Ghats, especially Sathyamangalam. Average daytime temperatures vary from 32 °C (89.6 °F) in summer to 20 °C (68.0 °F) in Winter. Learn the different types of plateaus and what causes plateaus. [24], These forests are home to indigenous tribal people belonging largely to the Kasaba sub-group of the Irular community. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. [19], Across the Moyar River, the Sigur Plateau is adjacent on the north to the Mysore Plateau, referred to as the Talamalai Range, bordered on the west by Nilgiri District, north by Mysore District, east by the Sattyamangalam Range and south by the Moyar River and Gorge. A pair of Asian king vultures have been sighted in Sigur plateau in Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. The Damodar River originates here and flows through a rift valley. India’s Peninsular Plateaus are one of its major physical features. ... UPSC REPEATS Questions in IAS Prelims from Previous Year Papers 18 repeated in 2018 IAS Prelims 26+ repeated in 2017 IAS Prelims 16+ repeated in 2016 IAS Prelims These plateaus are formed over millions of years. Chotanagpur Plateau (India) – It has huge reserves of iron, coal, and manganese. It is bounded by the Madhya Bharat Plateau and Bundelkhand Upland to the north, the Vindhya Range to the east and south, and the Gujarat Plains to the west. [22] The Sigur Plateau contains several discrete elephant migration corridors, including: Kallar Elephant Corridor, Anaikatty Elephant Corridor, Vazhikadavu Elephant Corridor, Glencorin Elephant Corridor, Kaniyanpura - Moyar Elephant Corridor, Masinagudi-Moyar Elephant Corridor, Singara-Masinagudi Elephant Corridor, Mavinhalla-Chemmanatham Elephant Corridor and Greater Moyar Valley Corridor. In 2011, the Madras HC upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. Goods and Services Tax: GST was introduced through the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016. [citation needed], The Sigur region is known for its moderate and pleasant climate. It has … It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. [36] Other important tourist villages are Chadpatti, Mavanhalla, Valaithottum and Singara. Jan 01, 2021 - Previous Year Questions (PYQs): Geography Prelims Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Specimens of some animals who once lived in the Mudumalai Jungle are preserved in a museum near the Elephant feeding camp. However, the means for working the forest on a larger scale were obtained by an early sale of sandal wood,[13] The population of Asian king vultures has declined over the last five decades in India. What current affairs are important from the perspective of the exam. Of the 55 tourist facilities on the plateau only two had legally run bars, however, most of the facilities do serve alcohol to their guests. [11], In 1954, a young man-eating male Bengal tiger named the "Tiger of Segur" killed 5 people between Sigur and Anaikatty villages in the Sigur Plateau. What is a plateau? South of the Sigur Plateau is the higher Nilgiris Plateau. National Geographic describes plateaus as flat and elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side. The Politics of Conservation as Translated in Mudumalai", "Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris. [29] These are cattle grazing, coffee and tea plantations and other crops cultivation, private tourist resorts, Invasive weeds, fuel wood collection, non-timber forest products (NTFP) collection, legal status of the corridor, and vehicular traffic particularly during night hours. Due to the Sigur wildlife corridor, the entire area has the highest elephant population in India. It is a plateau in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu and forms a part of Nigiri Biosphere Reserve. [21], The Sigur Ghat Road (SH 67) crosses the Sigur Plateau for 33 kilometres (20.5 mi) from Ooty to Theppakadu. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. The questions are mainly framed from The Hindu and PIB news articles. [20], Of the nine species of Vultures which exist in India, the critically endangered white-rumped vulture, long-billed vulture and king vulture (or) red-headed vulture and the endangered Egyptian vulture have been documented in the forests of Nilgiris Eastern Ghats landscape, which comprises the Sigur and Moyar Valleys. [29] Weed species, especially Lantana camara but also Parthenium, Stachytarpheta indica, Dodonaea viscosa, Euphorbia antiquorum, and Opuntia dillennii are widely distributed and are invading and degrading the quality of forage on the plateau. Attempt Daily Current Affairs and GK Quiz of 18 and 19 October 2020 to boost your preparation of the general awareness section of the competitive exams. 5 MCQs from UPSC Previous Years Questions + 11 MCQs for practice from Rau’s Prelims Test Series 2021. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. The Ranchi Plateau is the largest part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. Of volcanic origin, the plateau comprises central Madhya Pradesh state and southeastern Rajasthan state. The Moyar valley and the nearby Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris, are among the few remaining places in India where vultures can be found. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus, Strategy & Structure, Previous Years Geography Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper- 1, Topic-Wise General Studies Paper-1 Questions in UPSC Mains. In 2008, close to 73,000 people stayed at the tourist resorts on the Sigur Plateau with around 58% of these tourists coming just to see the wildlife. For the preparation of the IAS Exam, this article will brief you about: The physical features of India are important to be read about for the preparation of civil services examination. It has the Nilgiri hills on its south-western side and the Moyar river valley on its north-eastern side. Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1 Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1. EVICTION OF RESORTS IN ELEPHANT CORRIDOR | UPSC LAW OPTIONAL MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS | ENVIRONMENTAL LAW The Elephant corridor situated in Sigur Plateau, connecting Western and Eastern Ghats is famous for large population of Elephants in Tamil Nadu. These plateaus are one of the ancient landmasses on the surface of the earth. One can interact with working elephants and see how they are fed at the Elephant Feeding Camp in Theppakadu. Read to know the simple definition of a plateau. The largest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau, located in central Asia. Context : The sighting of a pair of critically endangered Asian king vultures and a juvenile in the Sigur plateau is a cause for optimism that the species may be re-establishing itself in the region.. Concept :. It is located in the Astore and Skardu districts of Gilgit-Baltistan. However, by this time the Conservator of Forests of Madras Presidency, Dr. Hugh Cleghorn stated that "This forest has been much exhausted by a succession of unscrupulous contractors, and there is very little teak or Bombay Blackwood (Rosewood) at present fit for felling. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. [19], Due to rainfall differences, there are tropical dry deciduous forest, part of the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests ecoregion in the west part of Sigur, while the eastern part has more thorn scrub forests. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 15 times. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Raibenshe’ It is a genre of Indian folk martial dance performed by male only; It is primarily performed in Arunachal Pradesh [37], R.Venkitachalam (2014)Status and Distribution of the Endangered resident Gyps Vulture species in Nilgiri Bio-sphere Reserve, Western Ghats in India.WWF-Final Report.pp 21, Dr. V. S. Vijayan p.32, Annexe Table 1: Statewise breakup of the various forest administrative units forming part of the NBR, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. The elevation of the plateau surface in this part is about 700 m (2,300 ft) and gradually slopes down towards south-east into the hilly and undulating region of Singhbhum (earlier the Singhbhum district or what is now the Kolhan division). As agriculture expanded and tiger habitat shrank, Tamil Nadu stopped all tiger hunting in the Sigur reserve in 1965. [19], The Sigur river valley acts as a crucial micro-habitat for herbivores, especially elephants, gaur and sambar and carnivores such as tiger, leopard, wild dog (dhole), sloth bear and striped hyaena for feeding, resting and denning. Smaller carnivores such as palm civet, small Indian civet, jungle cat, jackal and several species of mongoose also use this valley intensively for feeding, resting and denning. The public roads: Kakkanalli – Torapalli road, Teppakkadu – Masanagudi road and Moyar – Masanagudi road are also rewarding places to see wild life in the Sanctuary. the facilities charge less than Rs 500 per night. Some of the higher elevations of the plateau have montane grassland habitats. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. [3], The Sigur Plateau is notable as an important wildlife corridor maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats to sustain elephant and tiger numbers and their genetic diversity. Your email address will not be published. Current Affairs ... as introducing large herbivores to the extremely sensitive Sigur plateau could have even more serious consequences on the local wildlife. The Moyar River running through a dense forest is a good place to see animals when they come to drink water from the river. [6], The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which includes Sigur Plateau and the Nilgiri Hills, is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. The Moyar River Gorge, also called the Moyar Canyon, is a dramatic 20 km (12 mi) long gorge which plunges into the gorge below Theppakadu in a roaring water-fall popularly known as Moyar falls. [18] ... UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (English) UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (Hindi) Here are the links: It has its formation associated with the breaking of Gondwana land. The north side of the plateau is defined by the Moyar River and the 260 metres (853 ft) deep Moyar Gorge. [9][10], In 1954, the tiger was still classified as vermin in the Nilgiri Hills. Issu Answer Key & Detailed Solutions – UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies – 1 SET – Unknown NOTE: Please share your scores in the comment box. This part is of volcanic nature and has igneous rocks. Much to the relief of local residents, officials and tourists, Veerapan was killed by Tamilnadu Government in October 2004. If you score less, please … Continue reading "QUIZ – 2020: Insights Current Affairs Quiz, 23 October 2020" It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. Download plateaus notes PDF for UPSC Exam preparation. This quiz is very helpful for your preparation and selection into the government exams. [32], There are many visitor attractions in the Mudumalai park. The southern western ghats with an area of 7000 sq. The Supreme Court upheld a Madras High Court order ratifying a state government decision to earmark the Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris as an elephant corridor in 2010 and raze all resorts in nearby Mudumalai to facilitate their movement through the corridor. Subject: Environment. Watch to learn: How UPSC frames questions for prelims. The Sigur Plateau is an important watershed area for the Cauvery River and its ecological health is important to the many people dependent on the Cauvery. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. The region is home to four vulture species, including the red-headed vulture. "[14], In the late 1700s, Tipu Sultan maintained a fort and trading route between the Kingdom of Mysore and Travancore, along the Moyar River here. There are 11 government tourist facilities within Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary or within reserve forest or revenue land and none of them are fenced. Similar to Peninsular Plateaus of India, there are other famous plateaus in the world. Deccan Plateau (India) – It extends over 8 Indian states, covering entire South India. 69% of private facilities have a boundary connection to government revenue land or reserve forest and 91% are fenced, usually with electrified fence. Scenic spots are the Chief Minister’s Watchtower, the view point at Kargudi, the Ombetta Lake and the Safari Van rides on Sand Road, Circular Road, Manradiar Road, Jayadev Avenue and Bombax Road. [26] There are several tribal villages in the Sigur plateau. [citation needed], The five major streams in the Sigur plateau are the Moyar River, the Sigur River, the Avarahalla River, the Kedarhalla River and the Gundattihalla River, which originate in the Nilgiris plateau. 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