(Although some subgenera are actually divided into sections). Chances are you’ll find clubs closer to home though too. Now that you’re acquainted with the history of orchids and you understand the fundamentals, it’s time to get your hands on your first orchid and put some of that theory to the test! Because some orchids attract pollinators with scents and what pollinator they use depends on their environment, orchids have a wide variety of scents. Alternatively, check out the British Orchid Council. DANIEL LUTZ: Yeah and that's one of my favourite things. They might grow on trees but they don’t feed off the tree. When an orchid fails to get enough light, it won’t be able to bloom. A: While most orchids are found in the tropics, you can also find orchids in just about every environment on Earth. The first thing you should get into the habit of doing is to ensure that your tools are sterile any time they touch an orchid. Although orchids are commonly found growing wild in tropical rainforests, they do not need heavy watering. The key is to select orchids that are suited to your environment, or making your environment one that suits the orchid you want to grow. To achieve blooms, it requires 5 to 6 hours of light per day. Exactly how winners are chosen varies somewhat, but the principles are all quite similar. Fortunately you won’t have to mortgage your house or travel to the jungles of South America to get your hands on a beautiful orchid. wrote a great article about how this can cause problems because orchids are fragile in their environment and depleting natural stocks can kill them off for good. Most orchids are not heavy feeders. I feel lucky - 18 months, but normally 2 or 3 years. Naming species orchids can be tricky enough to a beginner, but naming orchids gets a little trickier when it comes to the man-made orchids known as hybrids. Instead, we’ve listed below eight of the most popular orchids. Cattleyas readily grow outside of their pot. Water is the third element and the more of the first 2 will allow for for water and with the water all you to feed with a good fertiliser that is not too high in nitrogen. Because some orchids attract pollinators with scents and what pollinator they use depends on their environment, orchids have a wide variety of scents. As you can see from the photos, the results are stunning. When you’re just starting out with your orchids, you’re happy when any of them grow and bloom at all. Another option that requires much less effort is to use a room humidifier. We might not be able to turn you into an award winning grower overnight, but by absorbing the information contained below and learning more from our recommended resources, we hope that we can at least put you on the right path to success. Some of them include Cattleya, Dendrobium, Laelia, Oncidium and Epidendrum. In nature, most orchids are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other objects, clinging to rough bark or even stone. Over watering kills more orchids than everything else put together! Cymbidium orchids are by far the most popular orchids to be grown in Australia and in cooler climates around the world. However, getting lighting right when you’re growing orchids is particularly important because not all orchids like the same amount of light. According to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families there are approximately 26,570 accepted orchid species. The first variable to consider is the type of pot your orchid grows in. If you’re not living in North Queensland or the Top End, then this can be a problem. As of now there are around 28,000 accepted species and since more are found each year, the real number of species is likely to be quite a lot higher. It would be nice to give you a quick rule of thumb for how and when to water your orchids but the truth is that it’s a little more complex. And while bugs are usually easy to spot, viruses, bacteria and fungi can’t really be seen until the damage is done. My favourites are the Thelychiton, formerly called Dendrobium. From time to time you’ll need to repot your orchids. Answer You can grow terrific phalaenopsis outdoors - but they'll need to be protected from the sun, wind, and rain. Where winters are cold, orchids can be grown on the patio or under trees in the warmer months when frost does not threaten. And while Latin may be considered a dead language to some, it certainly is alive and kicking among the sciences. SOPHIE THOMSON: That's amazing. Because of the beauty of this orchid and the ability of local growers to get them to bloom, demand soared. The three main things needed to grow orchids. Fertilizing Orchids. You can use organic methods like beer or you can use snail pellets. Phragmipedium Eric Young (besseae x longifolium). A: Because orchids exist all around the world, they also have varying meanings to different peoples. Maybe not as many flowers, but they are absolutely fantastic. Knowing how to care for an orchid can sometimes seem difficult. This is mostly determined by how well your potting material absorbs water. Even though there are so many different types of orchids, […] The golden rule for orchid success is to duplicate the plant's natural conditions as closely as possible. If you master the material covered so far then you’ll be sure to grow plenty of beautiful orchids. Orchids that prefer lower amounts of light typically look softer and less robust. If it’s an epiphyte, then you should know that these orchids are often found growing on trees, so they don’t need any potting mix. Orchids have a reputation for being tough-to-grow houseplants. Only the young ones flower. If the mix has added fertiliser, reduce additional feeding for the first year. What's that for? Sometimes you won’t have a choice and you’ll be forced to use chemicals, but save those methods for when it’s absolutely necessary. In this chapter we’ll touch on a few of the topics that a serious grower would want to know, as well as providing links out to plenty of good tutorials that explain the topics in more detail. The middle petal, called the lip, is usually quite different from the other two and serves as a landing pad for the pollinator. Orchids that prefer high amounts of light typically have thicker and more robust looking leaves. One large nursery sent out 20 explorers into the jungles of the new world in 1894 to find more orchids. If you’re bothered by the wilting leaves you can always snip them off yourself. Because orchids are from all over the planet and have adapted to just about any environment, they can be a bit particular about where they like to live. For more information, check out the guide by Gardening Know How. When Daniel re-pots his orchids he put lots of fertiliser in, a good organic fertiliser and then he liquid fertilises throughout the year. Once you get the hang of growing orchids, there’s a high risk of addiction, according to these dedicated green thumbs. DANIEL LUTZ: They eat them off or, the what little slugs do is when the buds are forming, they go inside the flower and they eat the flower, so when it opens, you have little eaten spots on the lip and they ruin it, yeah. Chances are you’ll find clubs closer to home though too. If you’re in Sydney, we’ve heard great things about the Western Suburbs Orchid Society. Now that we’ve had a look at the history of orchids it’s time to develop a better understanding of what orchids really are and how they work. The vanilla bean is actually part of the fruit of an orchid. And large specimens, including their curtain of aerial roots, can easily grow to five or six feet in length. Therefore if you want to grow these orchids successfully in your own environment you’ll need to provide them with similar air flow. SOPHIE THOMSON: Always read the instructions. These orchids are known as. And you obviously love the breeding too, cause you've got to be really patient for that. Ok, so that’s it for this guide on how to grow orchids for beginners. If you get these sorted then you can grow orchids just about anywhere. The idea behind this seems to stem from the fear of overwatering your orchid. A striking Phaleonopsis orchid at the Singapore Garden Festival. GROWING EPIPHYTIC ORCHIDS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA – R.T. Robjohns. Many bloom once or twice per year and how long they bloom for varies as well. If you’re following our advice and buying one from specialist suppliers or friends at a club then you should be guaranteed a high quality plant, but it helps to understand what separates a good plant from a great one. Wait until after the last frost to put your orchids outside. Not only was it enormously expensive, but the journeys were often fraught with danger. Growing, photographing, propagating and conserving native Australian orchids are some of the group's main projects. They put a fine mist out, so you can walk in here and it's just really fine and it's fantastic. In Greece in around 300 BC, Theophratus (a student of Aristotle) wrote about them and it’s from the Greek language that we get the name Orchid. Australia Plant Hardiness Zones. All orchids belong to the family Orchidaceae. One such explorer, William Swainson, collected the now named. National Geographic wrote a great article about how this can cause problems because orchids are fragile in their environment and depleting natural stocks can kill them off for good. Height: 10-40cm; width: 10-40cm. This section will help you understand the differences. By now you should understand how to get your first orchid and what tools you need. DANIEL LUTZ: They're canunda shells. Here are some links to hardiness zones that will help you determine which zone you live in: Next you’ll want to consider the space you have available. If you only buy one tool make sure it’s a pruner. You’ll know you’re looking at a variety when you see the main name followed by .var and another name. The downside to this is that shows aren’t on all the time, so if you’re in a hurry you’ll want another option. Whether it's a window, a greenhouse, an area outdoors, an orchidarium, or a special climate-controlled room in the basement, I'd like to know how you've set up your space for growing orchids. Here’s a guide from Orchids USA: http://www.orchidsusa.com/6fertilizing.htm. Here you’ll meet like-minded people who will be able to give you advice specific to you and your goals. Dating back hundreds of years ago, orchid hunters risked life and limb to seek out rare and unusual orchids such as for collectors. When choosing a watering can, you want to make sure that it has a spout that is not only long enough to reach all of your orchids, but also has a water breaker. The only problem was that no one knew exactly where Swainson had gotten them from! To attract pollinators, a plant must offer them something of interest. But if you’re already growing lovely orchids then using fertilisers can make the process even better. You can read more about some of the more common scents here. Some people use a handheld lighter, others prefer to use rubbing alcohol and some hardcore orchid growers go as far as to buy a small, hand held blow torch. I'm a newbie when it comes to growing orchids. In humid or coastal areas, more sun can be given. For Australians, the Australian Orchid Council has a list of clubs by state on their website. Daniel has a sprinkler system in his shadehouse that he puts on at five in the morning. They can be a bother, so in this chapter we’ll look at how to prevent them from infecting your orchids to begin with, how to notice when they have and finally how to get rid of them if the worst happens. By misting the air around your orchids with a water bottle several times a day (depending on the level of humidity in your environment) you can artificially raise the humidity where your orchids are growing. Pollination is a vital part of the life cycle of any plant. In most of the environments that orchids grow in organically, air flow is present. For future reference there’s a quick rule of thumb that you can use to quickly judge what sort of light an orchid prefers. Not only will they be able to supply you with the orchid you’re after, but you’ll be able to get your hands on them quickly. You certainly don’t need to be an expert or memorise huge lists of species, but it helps to at least know some of the lingo. These orchids are very hardy and can endure extreme drying out. Orchids typically use nectar to attract their pollinators, but some use fragrance, shape and even colour. Growing an orchid to maturity can take several years, so if you’re not that patient you might want to look into propagating your own orchids. Have you got the conditions right for your particular type of orchid? Simon Whitbread. Reaching this stage is an interesting place to be at and if you’d like to know more about this, then check out the article by, Hans Proebsting from the Orchid Societies Council of Victoria, Exactly how winners are chosen varies somewhat, but the principles are all quite similar. If you’re finding it hard to get the lighting right for the orchids you want to grow, then you have a couple of options. Here are a few recommended guides to help you learn this process: How to Select a Healthy Orchid from the Store by Just Add Ice Orchids*, How to Choose a Healthy Orchid from the Store by Brad’s Greenhouse, How to Select a Good Orchid by the Chicago Botanical Garden, *The above guide is a good guide, but you shouldn’t add ice to your orchids! Even if your tools are safe to use, bugs can still take hold. One such explorer, William Swainson, collected the now named Cattleya labiata in 1818 during a trip to Brazil. Pests - Slugs, snails, and aphids are common problems for San Francisco gardeners. It’s easy to picture these adventures as something from an Indiana Jones movie, but in reality a huge amount of suffering was required to supply Europe with orchids. Bring them inside when temperatures chill in autumn. Now I love orchids, but I haven't been that successful at growing them, so who better to get some autumn tips from. As with many other topics, this is a little beyond the scope of this guide, but here’s a ten minute video from Shirley Bovshow that explains how to do it: We reached out to some of the top orchid growers in Australia and three people were generous enough to send us some tips to add to our guide. Show Me YOUR Orchid Growing Area! Now I love orchids, but I haven't been that successful at growing them, so who better to get some autumn tips from. Ask It/Solve It - Recycled Concrete/ Lupins as Mulch/ Camellia Re-potting, Viewer Gardening Tip - Seedling Protector. Growing orchids can be an addictive experience. Whether it’s to trim the leaves or to cut through a stem, you’ll find yourself using your pruners more often than anything else. And for about $20.00 a year you can get a night out with like minded friends and enjoy a cuppa and a chat!!! SOPHIE THOMSON: Ok Daniel, so it's autumn and I see that some of yours are developing spikes - one of them's got a small spike. How to Grow Phalaenopsis (by Atian Tsai: 0438 108 701 or atiantsai@hotmail.com) Phalaenopsis has the most variety amongst orchids, with the most elegant arrangement of flowers on the flower spikes. Nurseries at the time were making a fortune. is another criterion and refers to how well the stem of the orchid supports the flower without excessive staking. If it’s been a while since your last high school biology course, then this will serve as a quick refresh. Buying from shows is great and getting them from a trusted source at a club will also work, but if you’re in a hurry to get your hands on an orchid as quickly as possible, a third option is to try a specialist orchid supplier. Low humidity levels will damage the plant and stop them from reaching their potential. It can be a little bit of work, so here’s a good tutorial from the Chicago Botanical Garden: If you start to really become interested in orchids you’ll probably want to grow more of them. While this is a common misconception due to epiphytic orchids growing on trees, they do not feed off their host tree; it’s merely a place for them to live. If your climate is mild amid the day and chills off around evening time, as in Southern California or waterfront Australia and New Zealand, you can grow Cymbidium in your garden. Growing orchids is easy! Jody Cutajar: The one most relevant tip I can give to a new grower is that Killing with kindness is a reality! Since most species of orchids evolved in particular environments, most of them are a little picky when it comes to the temperature they live in. Unfortunately, various pests and diseases also happen to like orchids. Every month they have a benching and generally a couple shows each year! Stand the pots on a tray of gravel and water into the tray to create humidity, making sure the roots don’t touch the gravel. Orchid Whisperer Orchid watering tutorial: Really good tutorial on potting mix and materials from Dummies, Dummies guide to diagnosing watering problems. If you have a nice airy position, you shouldn't get scale, so Daniel makes sure to space his orchids out a bit. Firstly understand the temperature and humidity. If you get the light right then Air movement is the next element as this will help the plant breath and will prevent diseases and fungal problems. We decided to pick Bodo’s brain on all things orchids – growing them in South Australia, where to spot them in the wild, what makes these plants so special – ahead of his Demystifying Orchids Masterclass at Mount Lofty Botanic Garden on Sunday 3 September. If you’re serious about growing orchids then you’ll probably join a club sooner or later, so when you do, ask around and one of the more knowledgeable members will be able to help you out. . Quest News; Moreton Life; How to grow beautiful orchids, tips from the experts. Phalaenopsis orchids, also known as moth orchids or phals, are a popular house plant native to Australia and southeastern Asia. Perhaps the most famous example of orchid pollination comes from Charles Darwin. Repeat flowering orchid, they can flower 3 times a year, grow well in shade and are ideal indoor plants. From a plant's perspective, houses usually have dim light, so you'll usually have better luck with orchid varieties that tolerate low light levels. Orchids in Schools; Committee; Constitution and By-Laws; Life Members; Bulletin; Gallery. Here’s a good guide by Ryan Levesque on the blooming cycles of several popular orchids: Once you have your heart set on a particular species of orchid, it will be time to select your first plant. A: Unsurprisingly, this orchid is commonly called the Monkey Face orchid, but has a scientific name of, A: Quite a few! It’s not uncommon for a scientist to find a previously undiscovered orchid at the Singapore orchid market. The orchid will tell you if it is happy or otherwise by careful observation, this is something that seems obvious but is really only learnt over a period of time! Written by members of the Orchid Society of Canberra this is a practical guide to the cultivation of orchids and it also offers somewhat more than the title suggests. should be able to point you in the right direction. Make sure that the average temperature is above 55 °F (13 °C) before putting your orchids outside. Spray your plant with an aphicide to keep the pests under control. Oncidium, the “dancing lady orchid ” (usually epiphytic): Easy-to-grow Oncidium bears small flowers that sway like dancing ballerinas. To learn more about the species below, learn how to pronounce them correctly and to see more high quality photos, click the links below to view the “All About Orchids” page from the American Orchid Society: As mentioned earlier, one of the intimidating parts of growing orchids is the vocabulary you need to pick up (at least if you want to sound like you know what you’re talking about!). While most are robust enough to survive a wide range of temperatures, if you want to grow them to be as beautiful as possible then you’ll want to make sure you grow orchids in a temperature range that suits them well. These subfamilies are then further divided into tribes…. You’ll know you’re looking at a variety when you see the main name followed by. 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The principles are all quite similar system in his shadehouse that he puts at... Because snails and Slugs will destroy the spikes pots in very free-draining mix guide was written to help beginners out... Be hard finding reliable sources been on Earth just a few short days, so have! Form of the new pot and cover with soil species and genera is somewhat intensive. Mentioned below have been created by mother nature are known as the variety! East-Facing window, where they 'll need to provide what they need periods of \! Around Brisbane and the challenging and highly attractive orchids are easy to and! If you ’ re looking at a variety when you breed two different orchids have been on Earth a... Undiscovered and modern explorers find more orchids than everything else put together for any because.